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Probation

Probationers include adult offenders whom courts place on community supervision generally in lieu of incarceration.
Parolees include those adults conditionally released to community supervision whether by parole board decision or by mandatory conditional release after serving a prison term. They are subject to being returned to jail or prison for rule violations or other offenses.

• At yearend 2006, over 5 million adult men and women were under Federal, State, or local probation or parole jurisdiction; approximately 4,237,000 on probation and 798,200 on parole.

• The 1.8% growth in the probation and parole population during 2006 — an increase of 87,852 during the year — was slower than the average annual increase of 2.2% since 1995.

At the end of 2006 :-
  – Among offenders on probation, about half (49 percent) had been convicted for committing a felony, 49% for a misdemeanor, and 2% for other infractions. Nearly three-quarters of probationers were supervised for a non-violent offense, including more than a quarter for drug law violation and a sixth for driving while intoxicated.
  – Nearly all of the offenders on parole (94%) had been sentenced to incarceration of more than 1 year. About 4 in 10 parolees had served a sentence for a drug offense.
   – Women made up about 24% of the nation's probationers and 12% of the parolees.
   – Approximately 55% of the adults on probation were white, 29% were black, and 13% were Hispanic. Forty-one percent of parolees were white, 39% black, and 18% were Hispanic.

• Of the 2.2 million probationers who exited supverision during 2006, nearly 6 in 10 completed their full-term sentences or were released early while about 1 in 5 was reincarcerated.

• Of those adults on parole on January 1, 2006, (665,300) and those released from prison to parole supervision (485,900) during 2006 from the 46 jurisdictions that provided detailed information, about 16% were re-incarcerated. This percentage has remained relatively stable since 1998.

• By the end of 2000, 16 States had abolished parole board authority for releasing all offenders, and another 4 States had abolished parole board authority for releasing certain violent offenders.

 

Information Provided by the Bureau of Justice Statistics

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